Employment Status and Chronic Diseases: A Cross-sectional Study among 60–64 Year-old Men and Women

By Tazeen Majeed, Peta Forder and Julie Byles.

Published by The International Journal of Aging and Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: July 17, 2014 $US5.00

This study aims to investigate the association between chronic conditions [diabetes, asthma, and arthritis] and current employment status for men and women aged 60 – 64 years old. The study used the baseline data from the NSW 45 and Up Study, restricted to 41,754 participants aged 60 -64 years old. The participants were prioritized into mutually exclusive employment categories – full time employed, part time employed, self-employed, disabled/sick, and not in paid work. The association between current employment status and chronic conditions was evaluated separately for men and women, before and after adjustment for relevant groups of covariates [socio-demographic factors, health risk factors, and health capacity factors]. Current employment was associated with having a chronic disease, specifically diabetes, asthma, or arthritis. Participants who were not in paid work or disabled/sick were more likely to report chronic conditions; while having some form of paid employment was associated with decreased risk of having a chronic condition [diabetes or arthritis]. However, this effect diminished once socio-demographic conditions, health risk factors [smoking, BMI, alcohol] and health capacity factors [SF-36 physical function and needing help for daily tasks] were taken into account. There were significant associations between different employment patterns and chronic diseases [diabetes and arthritis]. Better understanding of these associations and related risk factors could inform policies and guidelines for preventing the decline in employment in males and females of pre-retirement age.

Keywords: Workforce Participation, Employment Patterns, Diabetes, Asthma, Arthritis, Chronic Diseases, Gender

The International Journal of Aging and Society, Volume 3, Issue 3, July 2014, pp.33-43. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: July 17, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 493.846KB)).

Tazeen Majeed

Ph.D Candidate, Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing; School of Medicine and Public Health; Faculty of Health & Medicine., University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

I have a background in Medicine (Bachelors of Medicine and Surgery from Dow University of Health Sciences, Pakistan), then after migrating to Australia I did Masters in Public Health from University of Newcastle. I was then given an opportunity to do PhD with scholarship. My research focuses on impact of chronic conditions (particularly diabetes, asthma and arthritis) on workforce participation patterns across the life-course and how these differ among men and women. My interests are reading and my aim is to pursue a career in academics and continuing research in the field of ageing and geriatrics.

Peta Forder

Research Associate, Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing; Faculty of Health & Medicine., Univesity of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

Prof. Julie Byles

Director, Research Centre of Gender Health and Ageing; Faculty of Health & Medicine., University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia