Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases among the Elderly in Bangladesh Old Age Homes

By Tanjila Taskin, Tuhin Biswas, Ali Tanweer Siddiquee, Anwar Islam and Dewan Alam.

Published by The International Journal of Aging and Society

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

The increase in the elderly population and the resulting “old age homes” in Bangladesh demand an immediate investigation of the major chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) as an emerging public health priority. In response, a cross-sectional study was conducted from March to September 2013 in four elderly homes in Bangladesh covering sixty-five residents, aged less than 60 years; those who were unable to give consent (due to neurocognitive disorders such as memory lapses or Alzheimer disease) were excluded. Data on NCDs were collected by trained field assistants using a pre-tested questionnaire. Self-reported morbidities in relation to socioeconomic and demographic variables were analyzed. Out of sixty-five participants, 87.7% had one or more non-communicable chronic diseases. The major NCDs were hypertension (56.9%), arthritis (44.6%), diabetes mellitus (32.3%), COPD (23.1%), stroke (20%), and myocardial infarctions (12.3%). A substantial proportion of the residents have one or two co-morbid conditions. The findings suggest that more than 50% of old-age home residents have two or more NCDs in Bangladesh. Further study is needed to measure the burden of NCDs in this population in a wider geographical context.

Keywords: Elderly, Old Age Home, Non-communicable Disease

The International Journal of Aging and Society, Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2014, pp.67-75. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 552.399KB).

Tanjila Taskin

Research Fellow, Centre for Control of Chronic Diseases, The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Tuhin Biswas

Research Fellow, Centre for Control of Chronic Diseases, The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Dr. Ali Tanweer Siddiquee

Research Investigator, Center for Control of Chronic Diseases, The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Dr. Anwar Islam

Adjunct Scientist and Consultant, Centre for Control of Chronic Diseases, The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Dr. Dewan Alam

Head, Centre for Control of Chronic Diseases, The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh