Perceived Constraints to Seniors’ Participation in Domestic Group Travels

By Tsu-Hong Yen and Ching-Sung Lee.

Published by The International Journal of Aging and Society

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The objective of this study was to explore, by developing a content-valid and reliable measurement scale, the construct of perceived constraints to seniors’ participation in domestic group travels in Taiwan. In achieving this objective, the scale development procedure recommended by DeVellis (2003) was adopted. A sample of 398 seniors, who were at least 60 years old, was randomly recruited at senior activity centers. A questionnaire was developed for data collection. Constraints-to-travel items, a measurement of the participants’ perception of how important certain factors were in restricting their motivation for group travels, were generated via literature review, interviews with seniors, and a panel review. Data were factor analyzed to reveal the underlining dimensionality of perceived constraints. A five-factor solution was identified, which explained 66.4% of the total variance. These five factors were named physiological, psychological, economic, social, and safety constraints. Reliability and validity of the scale were established. Implications and applications of the study’s findings were presented.

Keywords: Seniors, Travel, Constraints to Travel, Group Travel, Factor Analysis

Aging and Society: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.31-50. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 595.011KB).

Dr. Tsu-Hong Yen

Associate Professor, Department of Hospitality, Recreation & Tourism Management, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA, USA

Tsu-Hong Yen, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in the Department of Hospitality Management, San Jose State University. He holds a BB in Tourism from the Chinese Culture University (Taiwan), an MBA with a concentration in transportation from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, an MS and a Ph.D. in leisure studies from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He has taught at the University of Oregon in Eugene, Oregon, and Da-Yeh University in Taiwan. Dr. Yen’s research interests include service management, motivation to travel, consumer behavior, market segmentation., and cross-cultural research.

Dr. Ching-Sung Lee

Head and Associate Professor, Department of Restaurant, Hotel, & Institutional Management, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan

Ching-Sung Lee, Ph.D., is the Head and Associate Professor in the Department of Restaurant, Hotel and Institutional Management, Fu Jen Catholic University in Taiwan. Dr. Lee holds a BS, an MS, and a Ph.D. in human resource development from the National Taiwan University, Taiwan. His research interests include aging and gerontology, leisure behavior, agritourism, and marketing.