Social Network and Social Support for Ageing Adults: Rural-Urban Differences

By Moumita Maity and Barun Mukhopadhyay.

Published by The International Journal of Aging and Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: January 5, 2015 $US5.00

Social change and development is an important concern in community level study particularly in developing countries in recent days. Future health prospects depend increasingly on globalization processes and on the impact of global environmental change. Globalization affects the institutional, economic, social-cultural and ecological determinants of population health.

Social support and social network are important influencing factors for ageing adults and also have been shown to exert significant effects on health and functioning. Many such networks are inter-generational and are increasingly being seen as arenas to provide opportunities for collective and collaborative knowledge exchange. Although, there have been many studies in India, on social network and social support in different communities, but comparative study in prevalence of social network and social support between rural and urban elderly of West Bengal are virtually lacking.

The present cross sectional study is purported to explore the rural-urban difference in prevalence of social network and social support. Data on social network and social support has been collected by using standard questionnaires namely “Social Network Index” and “Social Support Questionnaire”, respectively from 205 rural and 178 urban elderly.

Mean score of social support are higher among rural elderly in comparison to their urban counterparts but mean scores of social networks have found to be higher in case urban elderly. A little difference has found between male and female in both the settings in mean scores of social support and social network. Urban-rural difference has found to be significant in most of the categories of social support and network. Place of residence is a considerable predictor in difference of social network and social support prevalence.

Keywords: Social Support, Social Network, Elderly, Rural, Urban

The International Journal of Aging and Society, Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2015, pp.11-26. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: January 5, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 675.920KB)).

Dr. Moumita Maity

PhD Student, Anthropology, Calcutta University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Prof. Barun Mukhopadhyay

Professor, Biological Anthropology Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India