Studies on Quality of Life (QoL) assessment are increasing world-wide owing, among other things, to the growth of elderly populations as well as for the reason that QoL is an important indicator of mental health profile of elderly.
The present study reports the comparative profile of prevalence of QoL score among the elderly population of urban and rural West Bengal. It furthermore examines the influence of socio-economic condition on QoL among the study populations.
A structured demographic questionnaire was used for collection of demographic data and WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire was canvassed for collection data on QoL from a sample of an urban and a rural elderly population. The study sample includes 382 elderly of both sexes, taken from both urban (177) and rural (205) settings of West Bengal with age range of 65 to 79 years (mean age 70.6 years). Results of the study indicate that the scores of QoL from four domains (physical health, psychological, social relationship and environment) are significantly high in case of urban elderly population than their rural counterparts. This study reinforces on the role of socio-economic factors on the differences on prevalence of QoL scores, by rural-urban residence.
|Keywords:||Quality of Life, Elderly, Mental Health, Socio-economic condition, Rural-urban Residence|
Ph.D. Student, Anthropology, Formerly of Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Professor, Biological Anthropology Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, India