Socio-economic Condition and Quality of Life Assessment: A Study Among Urban and Rural Elderly of West Bengal

By Moumita Maity and Barun Mukhopadhyay.

Published by The International Journal of Aging and Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Studies on Quality of Life (QoL) assessment are increasing world-wide owing, among other things, to the growth of elderly populations as well as for the reason that QoL is an important indicator of mental health profile of elderly.
The present study reports the comparative profile of prevalence of QoL score among the elderly population of urban and rural West Bengal. It furthermore examines the influence of socio-economic condition on QoL among the study populations.
A structured demographic questionnaire was used for collection of demographic data and WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire was canvassed for collection data on QoL from a sample of an urban and a rural elderly population. The study sample includes 382 elderly of both sexes, taken from both urban (177) and rural (205) settings of West Bengal with age range of 65 to 79 years (mean age 70.6 years). Results of the study indicate that the scores of QoL from four domains (physical health, psychological, social relationship and environment) are significantly high in case of urban elderly population than their rural counterparts. This study reinforces on the role of socio-economic factors on the differences on prevalence of QoL scores, by rural-urban residence.

Keywords: Quality of Life, Elderly, Mental Health, Socio-economic condition, Rural-urban Residence

Aging and Society: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp.69-82. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 579.777KB).

Dr. Moumita Maity

Ph.D. Student, Anthropology, Formerly of Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India

Moumita Maity is a researcher engaged in aging research. She is currently conducting her doctoral research on aspects of mental health among the elderly of West Bengal, India.

Prof. Barun Mukhopadhyay

Professor, Biological Anthropology Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, India

Barun Mukhopadhyay is a Professor of Biological Anthropology engaged in research on Bio-cultural determinants of tribal health and population aging. Currently he is conducting a research project on physical and mental health of the elderly inhabiting West Bengal, India.