Life Course and Physical Activity of an Aging America

By James H. Swan, Reza Amini, Ami Moore and Keith Turner.

Published by The International Journal of Aging and Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: March 29, 2017 $US5.00

This paper addresses physical activity in an aging America using life-course theory, employing cross-sectional data (N=282,313) from ten years of the US National Health Interview Survey. The aim is to explore detailed relationships of physical activity behavior to life course and related background factors in a larger data set than available in longitudinal surveys. The practice aim is to suggest intervention strategies with populations with unique life-course and background characteristics. Life-course theory is a dynamic theory properly vetted with longitudinal data. However, use of multiple years of a large, nationally representative cross-sectional survey allows for separation of cohort, age, and historical factors and consideration of their interactions with such background factors as gender, ethnicity/race, marital status, living situation, and any immigration background. Complex patterns are shown by marital status interacted with gender, with very different effects of marital status for women than for men. Likewise, different patterns are shown by ethnicity interacted with age. Implications for health promotion are considered particularly for gender, marital status, and ethnicity, especially as they interact with age.

Keywords: Physical Activity, Aging, Life Course, Health Promotion

The International Journal of Aging and Society, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp.49-62. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: March 29, 2017 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.141MB)).

Dr. James H. Swan

Professor, Programs in Applied Gerontology, College of Public Affairs and Community Service, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, USA

Dr. Reza Amini

Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Michigan-Flint, Flint, Michigan, USA

Dr. Ami Moore

Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, USA

Dr. Keith Turner

Associate Professor, Programs in Applied Gerontology, College of Public Affairs and Community Service, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, USA