The global population is experiencing an increase in elderly people. At the same time, the Indian population pyramid is also experiencing the widening of old age cohort. With declining rates of fertility and an increasing life expectancy at the age of retirement, the demands from the old age cohort for various elderly needs are rising and are likely to continue till at least 2050. In response, it behooves three entities, i.e. the working age-group, the government, and the voluntary organizations, to provide for these demands. However, neither of these entities has proven adequate. It is not just a moral responsibility of the off-springs, in particular, or a welfare obligation of the society, at large, to cater to the elderly needs, but also, it is the right of old age people considering their contributions to the society. In this light, the present paper critically reviews the policies and programmes for elderly in India with particular reference to pension and social security.
|Keywords:||Old Age, Elderly, Pension, Healthcare, Insurance, Demography, Old Age Policies, Family Support, Life Expectancy, India|
Research Scholar, Centre for Development Studies, Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum, Kerala, India