It is well recognised that the population throughout the world is ageing. By 2021, an estimated 18% of the population will be aged 65 years and over, and close to four in every 10 households will be occupied by at least one older person, the majority living alone or in a couple. These demographic changes are producing economic, social, and personal challenges for society, families and individuals, and the issues for governments are numerous. In the developed world, the elderly population will exert significant pressure on the neighbourhood. Unfortunately, the existing built environment in Australia in the form of predominantly low density developments with high automobile dependency is not sympathetic to the needs of aged population. It is widely acknowledged that ageing of the society is a challenge for fiscal and social policy. However, there is little literature on planning policy for making neighbourhood design to support healthy ageing. The aim of this paper is to identify the relationship between neighbourhood design and healthy ageing. Neighbourhood consists of both housing and spaces in which we live and work. A triangulation approach is used to address the aim of the research. Both focus groups and household surveys were conducted in the state of South Australia to obtain the perception of the aged population on age friendly neighbourhood and housing options. The study concluded that there is a need to create a safe pedestrian environment; easy access to public transport, shopping centre and public facilities; and recreational facilities and nearby health centres. These elements can substantially improve the neighbourhood and can positively affect ageing.
|Keywords:||Ageing, Healthy Ageing, Neighbourhood, Built Environment|
Lecturer, School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Adelade, SA, Australia
Lecturer, School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia