Elderly Living with Diabetes in Indonesia

By Hema Malini, Beverley Copnell and Cheryle Moss.

Published by The International Journal of Aging and Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: May 7, 2014 $US5.00

Little is known about how elderly people with type 2 diabetes in Indonesia respond to and live with their disease. In this paper reports on perceptions and actions of some elderly Indonesians in relation to living with their disease. To do this, convenience sampling was used. Elderly people with diabetes who volunteered to participate in a diabetes education program (offered as a trial in three community health centers in Indonesia) were recruited pre-education to attend a focus group interview and complete a demographic survey. Participants (n=45) had a mean (SD) age of 60.78 years; 40% had experienced hospitalization (diabetes related) and 24.4% of participants had been hospitalized because of blood glucose level (hypo/hyperglycemia). The focus group interview revealed that symptoms such as weight loss, fatigue, and changes in vision had led to health assessments and diagnosis of diabetes. Participants reported having limited opportunities post-diagnosis to attend diabetes education programs. Because of these limitations and limited health professional support, most of the participants had resorted to alternative medicine to manage their conditions. Alternative treatments used by the participants included herbal medicines, ion therapy, and ‘traditional’ medications. These findings suggest that there is need for systematic assessment of the knowledge and self–treatment strategies that elderly people in Indonesia may be using to manage their diabetes. Service gap analysis and the potential benefits of structured diabetes education programs for newly diagnosed elderly persons should be assessed.

Keywords: Diabetes, Elderly, Developing countries and Health Education Programs

The International Journal of Aging and Society, Volume 3, Issue 2, May 2014, pp.37-45. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: May 7, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 473.602KB)).

Hema Malini

PhD Student/Lecturer, School of Nursing and Midwifery/Faculty of Nursing, Monash University/University of Andalas, Clayton, Victoria, Australia

Working as a lecturer in Faculty of Nursing, University of Andalas since 2000, having special interest in conducting research for people with diabetes especially developing an educational program. Finishing Master degree in school of nursing and midwifery, Monash University in 2004, I currently enrolled as a full time student for PhD in Nursing at Monash University Australia.

Beverley Copnell

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine, nursing and health sciences, Monash University, Australia

Dr Copnell is an academic in the School of Nursing and Midwifery. She has extensive experience in undertaking research using quantitative and qualitative methodologies. She has experience in supervising research at Master’s and doctoral level2.

Cheryle Moss

: Associate Professor Nursing, Research & Practice Development, Faculty of Medicine, nursing and health sciences, Monash University, Australia

Cheryle has expertise in the qualitative and action research methodological approaches; she also researches the work practices of health professionals. In her supervision both forms of expertise are needed. Cheryle teaches research methods and practice development to graduate research students.. Cheryle has been involved in working with workplace teams to evolve their models of care, self-efficacy in advancing their cultures of care delivery, advance their utilisation of evidence in practice.